Configuring the Encoder in security.yml

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Let's set some plain passwords! Where? In our fixtures! Open up fixtures.yml and scroll down. In theory, all we need to do is set the plainPassword property. The rest should happen auto-magically.

Add plainPassword: and we'll keep with iliketurtles, because I've gotten good at typing that. And turtles are cool:

... lines 1 - 22
AppBundle\Entity\User:
user_{1..10}:
... line 25
plainPassword: iliketurtles

Change over to your terminal and load your fixtures:

./bin/console doctrine:fixtures:load

Explosion!

No encoder has been configured for AppBundle\Entity\User

This is basically Symfony's way of saying:

Ryan, you didn't tell me how you want to encode the passwords. I can't read your mind - I'm just a PHP framework.

Remember how I kept saying we would encrypt the passwords with bcrypt? Do you remember actually configuring that anywhere? Nope! We need to do that.

Open security.yml. Add an encoders key, then AppBundle\Entity\User: bcrypt:

... lines 1 - 2
security:
encoders:
AppBundle\Entity\User: bcrypt
... lines 6 - 33

If you want, you can configure a few other options, but this is good enough.

Now Symfony knows how to encrypt our passwords. Try the fixtures again:

./bin/console doctrine:fixtures:load

No errors! So, that probably worked. Let's use it!

Checking the Encoded Password

In LoginFormAuthenticator, we can finally add some real password checking! How? By using that same UserPasswordEncoder object.

Head back up to __construct and add a new UserPasswordEncoder argument. I'll use my Option+Enter shortcut to setup that property for me:

... lines 1 - 10
use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\Encoder\UserPasswordEncoder;
... lines 12 - 15
class LoginFormAuthenticator extends AbstractFormLoginAuthenticator
{
... lines 18 - 20
private $passwordEncoder;
public function __construct(FormFactoryInterface $formFactory, EntityManager $em, RouterInterface $router, UserPasswordEncoder $passwordEncoder)
{
... lines 25 - 27
$this->passwordEncoder = $passwordEncoder;
}
... lines 30 - 78
}

And because we're using autowiring for this service, we don't need to change anything in services.yml.

Now, in checkCredentials(), replace the if statement with if ($this->passwordEncoder->isPasswordValid()) and pass that the User object and the plain-text password:

... lines 1 - 15
class LoginFormAuthenticator extends AbstractFormLoginAuthenticator
{
... lines 18 - 58
public function checkCredentials($credentials, UserInterface $user)
{
... lines 61 - 62
if ($this->passwordEncoder->isPasswordValid($user, $password)) {
return true;
}
... lines 66 - 67
}
... lines 69 - 78
}

That'll take care of securely checking things.

Let's try it out: head to /login. Use weaverryan+1@gmail.com and iliketurtles. We're in! Password system check.

Ok team, that's it for authentication. You can build your authenticator to behave however you want, and you can even have multiple authenticators. Oh, and if you do want to use any of the built-in authentication systems, like the form_login key I mentioned earlier - that's totally fine. Guard authentication takes more work, but has more flexibility. If you want another example, we created a cool JSON web token authenticator in our Symfony REST series.

Now, let's start locking down the system.

Leave a comment!

What PHP libraries does this tutorial use?

// composer.json
{
    "require": {
        "php": ">=5.5.9",
        "symfony/symfony": "3.1.*", // v3.1.4
        "doctrine/orm": "^2.5", // v2.7.2
        "doctrine/doctrine-bundle": "^1.6", // 1.6.4
        "doctrine/doctrine-cache-bundle": "^1.2", // 1.3.0
        "symfony/swiftmailer-bundle": "^2.3", // v2.3.11
        "symfony/monolog-bundle": "^2.8", // 2.11.1
        "symfony/polyfill-apcu": "^1.0", // v1.2.0
        "sensio/distribution-bundle": "^5.0", // v5.0.22
        "sensio/framework-extra-bundle": "^3.0.2", // v3.0.16
        "incenteev/composer-parameter-handler": "^2.0", // v2.1.2
        "knplabs/knp-markdown-bundle": "^1.4", // 1.4.2
        "doctrine/doctrine-migrations-bundle": "^1.1" // 1.1.1
    },
    "require-dev": {
        "sensio/generator-bundle": "^3.0", // v3.0.7
        "symfony/phpunit-bridge": "^3.0", // v3.1.3
        "nelmio/alice": "^2.1", // 2.1.4
        "doctrine/doctrine-fixtures-bundle": "^2.3" // 2.3.0
    }
}