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Hello Drupal people! I'm Ryan, and I come from the magical world of Symfony, full of gumdrops, rainbows, interfaces, services, dependency injection and lollipops. Along with a few other oompa loompas, I lead the Symfony documentation team, so I may not seem like the most obvious person to be teaching you about Drupal 8. But Drupal 8 has taken a huge leap forward by using common coding patterns and libraries. This makes Drupal a lot easier and more accessible to a lot of people.
This series is meant for developers who have used Drupal before. Instead of learning how to use it, we're going to rip apart the layers and see how this machine runs. That's going to make you more dangerous and uncover possibilities you wouldn't otherwise know about.
Start by downloading Drupal 8, which at this moment isn't quite released, but it will
very soon! This unzips the file to my
Downloads directory. I'll move it to a
drupal8 directory. We can see all of our shiny new files here in my shiny
Move into the
drupal8 directory. We need a webserver! But I'm not going waste time
setting up Apache or Nginx locally. Instead, I'll use the built-in PHP web server.
Start it by running
php -S localhost:8000:
php -S localhost:8000
This serves files from this directory and will hang there until you stop it. I highly recommend using this to develop.
In the browser, navigate to
http://localhost:8000. Hello Drupal 8 install screen!
Pick the standard installation to get a few more features.
On the next step, I have a problem: the
xdebug.max_nesting_level setting in php.ini
is set too low. Wah wah.
Bah, it's easy to fix. Go back to the terminal and open a new tab. Run
This will tell you where the
php.ini file lives. Open it with your favorite editor.
vim, because it gives me street cred.
In some setups (I'm looking at you OSX), there will be no value for "Loaded Configuration File".
Usually, there is a file in the "Configuration File (php.ini) Path" directory,
but it's named something like
php.ini.development. Rename this file to
php --ini again.
Search for the setting! It already exists in my file, so I'll set it to 256. If it doesn't exist in your file, just add at the bottom:
xdebug.max_nesting_level = 256
For this change to take effect, restart your web server. For us, hit
kill the PHP web server and then start it again:
php -S localhost:8000
That fixes it! Type in your database details: I'll call my database
root with no password for my super secure local computer.
Now go grab some coffee or a sandwich while Drupal does it's installation thing.
Ding! Give your site a clever name and an email address. Um, but enter your email,
not mine. The super-secret and secure password I'm using is
admin. Select your country
and hit save.
Phew! I mean congrats! You now have a working Drupal 8 site!
You know what I love most about a new project? Creating a new git repo. Seriously,
how often do you get to type
In PhpStorm, you can see an
example.gitignore file. Refactor-Rename that to
Open it and uncomment out the
vendor line to ignore that directory:
|... lines 1 - 9|
|# Ignore core and vendor when managing dependencies with Composer.|
|... lines 13 - 37|
The project also has
|... lines 3 - 5|
|... line 8|
|... lines 10 - 32|
|... lines 38 - 43|
Composer is PHP's package manager, and it has changed everything in our world. If you aren't familiar with it, go watch our Composer tutorial! Seriously, you can use it in Drupal 7... we do in that tutorial...
Because of the
composer.json file, you should not need to commit the
directory. You should also not need to commit the
core/ directory where all of
Drupal lives, due to some special Composer setup in Drupal. Another developer should
be able to clone the project, run
composer install and both
will be downloaded for them.
When I tried to do that, I had a little trouble with the
core/ directory due to
an autoloading quirk. Hey, it's not released yet, so there could be a bug. It's cool.
In another screencast, I'll show you the proper way to use Composer with Drupal.
But for now it's safe to not commit the
vendor/ directory at least. If you run
composer install, it'll populate that directory correctly.
Zip back over to the terminal and run
git add . and then
git add .git status
There are a lot of files in
core/, so it will be nice to not have to commit those
someday. But other than these
core/ files, we're not committing much. A new Drupal
"project" doesn't contain many files.
Finish this by typing
git commit and typing in a clever commit message for your
fellow contributors to enjoy. Done!
I have a secret to tell you that will make your Drupal 8 experience many times better: use a decent editor, the best is PhpStorm. Atom and Sublime are also pretty good. But if you use Notepad++ or open some directory explorer to dig for files manually, there will be no rainbows, Pixy Sticks or Gumball drops in your Drupal 8 experience. Your editor must be able to auto-complete, have a directory tree and have a keyboard shortcut to open files by filename. Ok, I've warned you!
If you do use PhpStorm... which would make you my best friend... it has a
Symfony plugin that
plays nicely with Drupal too. Score! In Preferences, under plugins, click browse
repositories and search for "Symfony". You'll find this awesome Symfony plugin
that has over 1.3 million downloads! If you don't have this installed yet, do it.
I already have it. After installing, it'll ask you to restart PhpStorm. Once it's
open again, head back to Preferences, search for Symfony, and you'll find a new
Symfony plugin menu. Make sure you check the
Enable Plugin for this project box.
Remember to check this for each new project.
This plugin will give you some pretty sweet autocompletion that's specific to Drupal and Symfony.
Sweet! We're up and running! Let's get into the code!