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Most of our old code lives in
app/config, and also
src/AppBundle. We'll talk about that directory later - it's easier.
Yep, most of the work of migrating our code to the new app involves moving each piece of config into the new location. Honestly, it's tedious and slow. But you're going to learn a lot, and the end result is totally worth it.
config.yml. Ignore imports: we'll look at each file one-by-one. The first key is parameters. Copy those, delete them, and open
config/services.yaml. This is where your
services will live. Paste them here. Oh, but remove the
strict_mode line: autowiring always works in "strict mode" in Symfony 4.
|... lines 1 - 2|
|... lines 6 - 30|
Keep going! Back to
config.yml. The keys under
framework will be the most work to migrate... by far. In Flex, this configuration will live in
config/packages/framework.yaml: each package has its own config file.
esi line from the old file: it's also commented out in the new one: nothing to migrate.
Check out the
secret config: it's set to
%env(APP_SECRET)%. That's a relatively new syntax that reads from environment variables. In the
dev environment, Symfony loads the
.env file, which sets all these keys as environment variables, including
Delete the old
secret key. The way this value is set is a bit different, but, the point is, it's handled.
The next key is
translator. Are you ready? Because this is where things get fun! You might think that all we need to do is copy this line into
framework.yaml. But no!
Many of the keys under
framework represent components. In Symfony 3, by adding the
translator key, you activated that component.
But with Flex, the Translator component isn't even installed yet. Yep, if you want a translator, you need to install it. In your terminal, run:
composer require translator
If that package name looks funny... it should! There is no package called
translator! But look! It added a new
symfony/translator key to
This is another superpower of Flex. Go to https://symfony.sh/. This is a list of all of the packages that have a recipe. Search for "translation" to find
symfony/translation. See those Aliases? Yep, we can reference
translator and Flex will, um, translate that into
Back to the terminal! Before I started recording, I committed all of our changes so far. That was no accident: Flex just installed a recipe and I want to see exactly what it did! Run:
Cool! It created a new
translation.yaml file and a
That is where translation files should live in Symfony 4. And even though the
translator config lives under
framework, in Flex, it has its own configuration file. Oh, and this is one of my favorite things about Flex. Why should my translation files live in a
translations/ directory? Is that hardcoded somewhere deep in core? Nope: it's right here in your configuration file. Want to put them somewhere else? Just update that line or add a second path.
So, do we need to move the
translator config from our old project? Actually, no! It's already in the new file. Delete it.
And since we now know that translations should live in this new
translations/ directory, let's move our existing files... well file. In
validators.en.yml down into
We're on a roll! What about the
router config? It told Symfony to load
routing.yml. All of that is taken care of in the new app: it loads a
routes.yaml file and anything in the
routes/ directory, like
There's also a
config/packages/routing.yaml file, and even another one in
dev/ to tweak that
The point is this: routing is handled. Delete that stuff!
Next, forms! Like with translations, this activates a component that is not installed yet. We do have forms in our app, so we need this and validation. Let's get them installed:
composer require form validator
Yep! More aliases! Perfect! This time, it did not install any recipes. That's cool: not all packages need a recipe.
So, do we need to move these 2 lines of config into
framework.yaml? Actually, no!
Go back to your terminal and run:
./bin/console debug:config framework
This prints out the current
framework configuration. Search for
form. Nice! It's already enabled, even without any config! This is really common with Flex: as soon as a component is installed,
FrameworkBundle automatically enables it. No configuration is needed unless you want to change something. Delete the
Search for "validation" next: it's even more interesting! It's also enabled, and
enable_annotations is set to
true. Great! Delete the
validation line! What's really interesting is that
enable_annotations is set to true because it detected that we have the Doctrine annotations package installed. This is the flow with Flex: install a package and you're done.
Ok! It might not look like it, but we're almost done with the
framework stuff. Let's finish it next!