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Passing data From the Server to Vue

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In our sidebar, we're looping over the categories and creating a link for each one to /category/ plus the category id. When we did this, I said that this would link to a future page that we would create. Well... guess what! If you click on office supplies, this... actually works! Well, sort of: the URL changed but... it looks like it just loaded the same page.

Let me show you what's going on: I've done a little bit of work behind the scenes. In src/Controller/ProductController.php, we have an app_homepage route that renders a product/index.html.twig template. This is the page that we've been using so far. Open templates/product/index.html.twig so we can see it. Nothing special here: we have our target div for the Vue app, and the script and link tags for our products Webpack entry.

Head back to the controller. Below this, we have another route called app_category. That's why this page works! I've already created a route and controller for /category/{id} that loads the same Twig template as our other page!

About Multiple Page Applications

So here's the idea: we're purposely not building a single page application. Part of the reason is that multi page applications are, in a lot of ways, trickier to work with in Vue than single page apps. And also, it's totally legal to have a traditional multi page application with Vue mixed in only where you need it.

In this app, we're going to have a homepage - which is basically the All Products category - where you can click on any category to go to a totally different page. That page will render the same Vue app, but only show products for that category. And in a future tutorial, we're also going to create a "product page" that will do the same thing: be a separate URL that's handled by the same Vue app.

So yes: our one Vue app will behave differently based on which page we're on.

To achieve that, when we're on a specific category page, our Vue code needs to do two special things.

One: we're probably going to want to highlight which category we're on in the sidebar so that the user knows that we're on the office supplies category and not in All Products, for example.

And two: we're going to need to filter the product list because, right now, no matter what category I click, I am always getting the same list of products. We need to somehow realize that we are on a category page and then use that information to make an API request for only products from that category.

Server Variables

How can we do that? I have no idea! I'm kidding! In some ways, it's a simple problem: the one piece of information that we need to know in our Vue code is what category ID we are currently on. Are we on no category ID? Meaning: show all products? Or are we on category ID 23?

To do that, we need to communicate this information from the server to Vue. There are multiple ways to do this, but my favorite approach is to set a global JavaScript variable in the template and then read that from inside of our Vue app.

Adding the Category @id to our Controller

Start by adding a second argument to the showCategory() action. Don't worry, we're not going to go too much into Symfony and I'll explain what I'm doing along the way. Add IriConverterInterface $iriConverter to get a service from API Platform.

41 lines | src/Controller/ProductController.php
// ... lines 1 - 5
use ApiPlatform\Core\Api\IriConverterInterface;
// ... lines 7 - 11
class ProductController extends AbstractController
// ... lines 15 - 25
public function showCategory(Category $category, IriConverterInterface $iriConverter): Response
// ... lines 27 - 39

Remember: when you click on the Catalog component in the Vue Dev tools and look at the products data, each item that we get back from our API - whether it's a product, category or something else - has an @id property. That is known as the IRI. I like to use this IRI string instead of the integer ID from the database because it's more useful: it's a real, functional URL!

So on the category page, instead of setting a JavaScript variable that says we're on category 23, I'm going to use the IRI of that category. This $iriConverter will help me get that.

Add a second argument to the template called currentCategoryId - in reality, this is the "current category IRI" - set to $iriConverter->getIriFromItem() and then pass the $category object.

41 lines | src/Controller/ProductController.php
// ... lines 1 - 25
public function showCategory(Category $category, IriConverterInterface $iriConverter): Response
return $this->render('product/index.html.twig', [
'currentCategoryId' => $iriConverter->getIriFromItem($category),
// ... lines 32 - 41

Printing JavaScript Values Directly in our Template

Obviously, we're going to use currentCategoryId in the template. But when we do that, we need to be careful: there are two pages that render the same template... and the currentCategoryId variable will only be available on one of those pages, not both.

In index.html.twig, above where I'm rendering my products JavaScript, add a script tag and say {% if currentCategoryId is defined %} with {% else %} and {% endif %}. When the variable is defined, use it to set a global JavaScript variable: window.currentCategoryId =, a set of quotes, and then {{ currentCategoryId }}.

That's it! Oh, but in theory, if currentCategoryId contained a single quote, this would break. To be extra safe, pipe this to e('js').

26 lines | templates/product/index.html.twig
// ... lines 1 - 12
{% block javascripts %}
// ... lines 14 - 15
{% if currentCategoryId is defined %}
window.currentCategoryId = '{{ currentCategoryId|e('js') }}';
{% else %}
// ... line 20
{% endif %}
// ... lines 23 - 24
{% endblock %}

That will escape the string so that it's always safe for JavaScript. In the else, if no current category is set, that means we're on the homepage. Let's say window.currentCategoryId = null;

26 lines | templates/product/index.html.twig
// ... lines 1 - 16
{% if currentCategoryId is defined %}
// ... line 18
{% else %}
window.currentCategoryId = null;
{% endif %}
// ... lines 22 - 26

The end result of this long journey is that when we refresh the page, view the source and scroll down to where the JavaScript is... yes! We have window.currentCategoryId = '/api/categories/23'. The back slashes are just escaping the forward slashes.

Next, let's use this global variable in our Vue code to highlight which category we're on in the sidebar.