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Multiple Updates in one Stream

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Our goal is to be able to update the quick stats area and the reviews area all at once. We can't do that by redirecting or returning a normal HTML page... because that would only affect the reviews frame. So let's continue to return a stream... but a stream where we update the quick stats area and the reviews.

The entire content of _reviews.html.twig lives inside of an element with a product-review id. So, in reviews.stream.html.twig, add a second <turbo-stream>. Yup, we can include as many instructions as we want in a stream. Set the action="" to replace and the target to product-review, the id of the element that surrounds the reviews area. Inside, include the reviews template. Oh, but don't forget to include the <template> element - I'll remember that in a minute.

<turbo-stream action="update" target="product-quick-stats">
{{ include('product/_quickStats.html.twig') }}
<turbo-stream action="replace" target="product-review">
{{ include('product/_reviews.html.twig') }}

We're using replace instead of update because _reviews.html.twig contains the target. So we want to replace the existing product-review element with the new one... instead of just updating its innerHTML.

Before we try this, I'll go back to reviews.stream.html.twig and add the <template> element. If you do forget this, you'll get a clear error that says that a template element was expected.

Ok: move over and refresh. Let's add another glowing review... and submit. Yes! It worked! I see my new review! But... the form is gone.

Adding a Success Message

As so often happens... this makes total sense. Before, the frame was being redirected to the reviews page. So it was being redirected to this page here... and this page contains a fresh form. So, naturally, the fresh form showed up at the bottom of the reviews frame after successfully submitting a review.

But now, over in reviews.stream.html.twig, when we render _reviews.html.twig, if you look at that template, we are not passing in a reviewForm variable. And I already have logic here that checks to see if that variable exists and conditionally renders the form. So, in our case, it renders nothing.

We could create a reviewForm object in the controller and pass it into here. But, I kind of like this... except that having a success message would help a lot.

So let's see: we check for reviewForm and we also check to see if the user is not logged in. Add an else on the bottom with a success alert. In our situation, the only way to get here is if the form was just submitted successfully. But you could also pass a success variable to the template to be more explicit.

<turbo-frame id="product-review">
... lines 2 - 18
{% if reviewForm|default(false) %}
... lines 20 - 28
{% elseif not is_granted('ROLE_USER') %}
<p><a href="{{ path('app_login') }}" data-turbo-frame="_top">Log in</a> to post your review</p>
{% else %}
<div class="alert alert-success">
Thanks for your "real" review you "human" ?!
{% endif %}

Anyways, let's test this thing out with another glowing review. When we submit... that's lovely.

I'm having too much fun so here's a challenge. Imagine we want to add a link below this success message to "Add another review". When we click it, it should load a fresh form right into the frame. How could we do that?

Well... that's almost disappointingly easy! Remember: we're inside of a turbo-frame... so all we need to do is add a link in the frame that navigates us to the review page... because the review page renders this frame with a fresh form!

Check it out: right after the success message, add an anchor tag with {{ path() }} to generate a URL to the app_product_reviews route. This needs an id wildcard set to product.id. Put some text inside.

<turbo-frame id="product-review">
... lines 2 - 18
{% if reviewForm|default(false) %}
... lines 20 - 28
{% elseif not is_granted('ROLE_USER') %}
<p><a href="{{ path('app_login') }}" data-turbo-frame="_top">Log in</a> to post your review</p>
{% else %}
<div class="alert alert-success">
Thanks for your "real" review you "human" ?!
<a href="{{ path('app_product_reviews', {
id: product.id
}) }}">Love the product *that* much? Add another review!</a>
{% endif %}

Move back over, refresh... and, once again, profess your love - or maybe disgust - for this product: your call. Submit. There's our success message. When we click this normal link... yes! That was awesome! Go team streams and frames!

Checking for the Stream "Accept" Request Header

Finally, there's one last detail I want to handle... and it's minor. Imagine if, for some reason, this review form were submitted without JavaScript. And so it performs a normal full page submit, not a submit through Turbo.

Until now, that was totally okay! Our controller saves the new review and then redirected to a legitimate page. But now we're returning this bizarre stream HTML... which our browser wouldn't know what to do with... it would probably just render it onto the page... which is not great!

Fortunately, whenever Turbo makes an Ajax request, it adds an Accept header to the request that advertises that it supports Turbo streams. We can check for that in the controller.

Here's how it looks: wrap our stream render with if TurboStreamResponse::STREAM_FORMAT equals $request->getPreferredFormat().


In symfony/ux-turbo 2.1 and higher, this code has changed:

if (TurboBundle::STREAM_FORMAT === $request->getPreferredFormat()) {

    return $this->render('product/reviews.stream.html.twig', [
        'product' => $product,

... lines 1 - 18
class ProductController extends AbstractController
... lines 20 - 69
* @Route("/product/{id}/reviews", name="app_product_reviews")
public function productReviews(Product $product, CategoryRepository $categoryRepository, Request $request, EntityManagerInterface $entityManager)
... lines 75 - 80
if ($request->isMethod('POST')) {
... lines 82 - 85
if ($reviewForm->isSubmitted() && $reviewForm->isValid()) {
... lines 87 - 89
if (TurboStreamResponse::STREAM_FORMAT === $request->getPreferredFormat()) {
return $this->render('product/reviews.stream.html.twig', [
'product' => $product,
], new TurboStreamResponse());
$this->addFlash('review_success', 'Thanks for your review! I like you!');
return $this->redirectToRoute('app_product_reviews', [
'id' => $product->getId(),
... lines 103 - 109
... lines 111 - 120

That's it. This preferred format thing basically looks at the Accept request header to see if the request supports turbo streams. All Ajax requests made through Turbo send this header.

If the request does support streams, then... we return a stream! If it doesn't, we do our normal behavior: redirect the page. So once again, this will work fine without JavaScript. Also, even though I've not done any work with it yet, Turbo can also be used to build Native iOS or Android apps: you can read about it in their docs. Streams don't really make sense in that context, so coding like this also makes sure your code supports native apps... if you ever choose to go in that direction.

Next: let's have some fun with Turbo Streams! I want to see if we can create and process them manually in JavaScript. Apart from being cool, this will give us a better understanding of how streams work and a better appreciation for the next big part of streams that we'll discuss after.

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What PHP libraries does this tutorial use?

// composer.json
    "require": {
        "php": ">=7.4.0",
        "ext-ctype": "*",
        "ext-iconv": "*",
        "composer/package-versions-deprecated": "", //
        "doctrine/annotations": "^1.0", // 1.13.1
        "doctrine/doctrine-bundle": "^2.2", // 2.3.2
        "doctrine/orm": "^2.8", // 2.9.1
        "phpdocumentor/reflection-docblock": "^5.2", // 5.2.2
        "sensio/framework-extra-bundle": "^6.1", // v6.1.4
        "symfony/asset": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/console": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/dotenv": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/flex": "^1.3.1", // v1.18.5
        "symfony/form": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/framework-bundle": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/property-access": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/property-info": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/proxy-manager-bridge": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/runtime": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/security-bundle": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/serializer": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/twig-bundle": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/ux-chartjs": "^1.1", // v1.3.0
        "symfony/ux-turbo": "^1.3", // v1.3.0
        "symfony/ux-turbo-mercure": "^1.3", // v1.3.0
        "symfony/validator": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/webpack-encore-bundle": "^1.9", // v1.11.2
        "symfony/yaml": "5.3.*", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "twig/extra-bundle": "^2.12|^3.0", // v3.3.1
        "twig/intl-extra": "^3.2", // v3.3.0
        "twig/string-extra": "^3.3", // v3.3.1
        "twig/twig": "^2.12|^3.0" // v3.3.2
    "require-dev": {
        "doctrine/doctrine-fixtures-bundle": "^3.4", // 3.4.0
        "symfony/debug-bundle": "^5.2", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/maker-bundle": "^1.27", // v1.31.1
        "symfony/monolog-bundle": "^3.0", // v3.7.0
        "symfony/stopwatch": "^5.2", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/var-dumper": "^5.2", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "symfony/web-profiler-bundle": "^5.2", // v5.3.0-RC1
        "zenstruck/foundry": "^1.10" // v1.10.0